Vice-Admiral A.S. Pinke
Vice-Admiral Albertus Samuel PinkeBorn Heerde, October 14, 1894 - Died Bussum, July 8, 1964
Admiral Pinke was born as the son of Frederik Pinke, a distinguished flag officer who commanded the Dutch naval forces in the Netherlands East Indies during 1912-1916, a most difficult period for the navy. Pinke graduated from the naval academy in 1915, three years after his older brother Frederik. In the period 1920-1935, he mainly served on submarines in the East Indies. After this period, he commanded destroyers, after 1938 combined with the command of the entire destroyer force in the Indies. In 1940, he returned to Europe on board the destroyer Van Galen, which arrived in Den Helder just days before Germany attacked Holland.
On May 10, the Van Galen was sent to Rotterdam to bombard the Dutch airfield Waalhaven, which had been occupied by German paratroopers the previous day. It was a hopeless mission; Van Galen's anti-aircraft battery was almost useless due to defects, but the military situation in Rotterdam warranted the sacrifice of the ship if necessary. The destroyer would never complete her mission; mauled by near-misses from German bombers, the ship had to be moored short of her destination. Her crew took part in the defence of Rotterdam during the following days.
Like many officers, Pinke spent the war years between 1942 and 1945 in a German POW-camp. After his release, he was detached to the Ministry of Defence. In 1946, he was sent to the Netherlands East Indies, where he became the Commander-in-Chief of all Dutch naval forces in the region. The main task of the navy was at this time the support of the colonial army in its campaign against the Indonesian independence movement. In september 1949, Pinke was relieved by Vice-Admiral F.J. Kist. The Dutch-Indonesian conflict ended just a few months later, in favor of the latter.
Honorably discharged in 1950, Pinke was head of the Scientific Research Office of the Naval Staff between 1951 and 1954. What followed were several positions as advisor and chairman of various commissions.
Klaassen/Van 't Haaff "Gedenkboek Adelborsten-opleiding te Willemsoord, 1854-1945"
"Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland", Volume 1 (entry by F.J.M. Otten)
P.C. Jalhay/J.J.A. Wijn "Ik nader ongezien"